Introduction In an effort to combat terrorism more effectively as a law enforcement agency, the agency should look at strengthening cooperation between the organizations responsible for combating terrorism, such as the FBI, CIA, INA, all police agencies, and even politicians have a role to play in combating terrorism. Agency Roles The police can conduct criminal investigations, arrest suspects, and bring them to trial. They also may try to insert spies into terrorist groups. In some countries police can arrest suspected terrorists without specific charges, simply confining suspects in jail.
They can also place limits on civil liberties, such as preventing citizens from moving around freely. The police can also mount guards around government buildings or other likely targets. Immigration authorities can prevent all immigration or exert strong controls to prevent terrorists from entering or leaving the country. Politicians can offer terrorist groups political concessions—compromises such as self-rule for ethnic minorities, for example—or a general pardon in exchange for stopping future attacks.
Alternatively, politicians can grant some of the demands made by the terrorists’ political opponents and thus drive a wedge between terrorists and the people they claim to represent. Possible Changes Command, control, and communications would be areas to look at for improvement. Site hardening and security (protecting buildings, facilities, and outdoor events from terrorist attacks and reducing site vulnerability to attack and damage) would be another area to look at.
Defending against cyber terrorism–attacks using computers or computer networks would be imperative to protect sensitive information. Training in apprehending and disarming terrorists would be a possible change. Increased knowledge in forensics and investigations could be implemented. Public information can be an important tool because it provides extra sets of eyes in places law enforcement cannot be at 24 hours a day. Increased training in crowd and riot control would be necessary in case of an emergency situation.
Training would be added because you must know your enemy, what to expect from your enemy, and how to respond to your enemy’s actions. That is why ready access to current intelligence is needed. There is a need for a national terrorism intelligence database housed on a secure information infrastructure. Such a database must be accessible to all State and local law enforcement officials. Conclusion Technology-sharing can be a means of making equipment more affordable.
While State and local law enforcement generally are able to manage more common criminal acts using their own resources, they realize that combating terrorism requires cooperation among Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies as well as cooperation between law enforcement and other agencies, such as emergency management offices. This cooperation requires improved information and communications technologies, particularly those that facilitate access to and sharing of intelligence among agencies there may also be a need to share budgets in order to effectively combat terrorism no matter where it strikes.
References Department of Justice. (1999). Inventory of state and local law enforcement technology needs to combat terrorism. Retrieved July 26, 2009, from http://library. findlaw. com/1999/Jan/1/130563. html Hanes, Sharon M. (2003). Combating terrorism. Retrieved July 25, 2009, from http://www. acquirecontent. com/titles/terrorism-reference-libraryalmanac#B_3426400011 | | |